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states and union territories in india mcq upsc

The State having common borders with maximum number of States is

(a) Uttar Pradesh

(b) Meghalaya

(c) Madhya Pradesh

(d) Rajasthan

Solution: (a)
Uttar Pradesh is bordered by Rajasthan to the west, Haryana and Delhi to the northwest, Uttarakhand and the country of Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Jharkhand to the southeast, and Madhya Pradesh to the southwest.

The state having the largest density of population per square kilometre in India is

(a) Kerala

(b) Uttar Pradesh

(c) West Bengal

(d) Bihar

Solution: (d)
Population Density of India is 382 per sq km as per census 2011. Bihar is the densest state of India with a population density of 1,106, followed by West Bengal with 1,028 persons per square kilometre; and Kerala: 860.

Which of the following States in India has the highest net sown area?

(a) Punjab

(b) Orissa

(c) Andhra Pradesh

(d) Mizoram

Solution: (a)
The pattern of net sown area varies greatly from one state to another. It is over 80% of the total area in Punjab and Haryana and less than 10% in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur and Andaman Nicobar Islands.

Which one of the following is not a Union Territory?

(a) Chandigarh

(b) Pondicherry

(c) Lakshwadeep

(d) Tripura

Solution: (d)
Tripura is a state in Northeast India. The third smallest state of the country, it is surrounded by Bangladesh on the north, south, and west; the Indian states of Assam and Mizoram lie to its east.

In the history of the Indian population, which duration period is referred to as ‘A great leap forward’?

(a) 1921–1931

(b) 1941–1951

(c) 1951 – 1961

(d) 1971–1981

Solution: (a)
The year 1921 marked the start of consistent population growth as revealed by the census. It was preceded by a decadal decline in growth rate during 1911-1921 which saw a net decrease of 0.3 per cent for the century as a whole. The year 1921 turned out to be demographic divide as in the post-1921 period; the population began to show signs of steady increase.