Rankers Hub

Mcq on states and union territories in india with answers

Jawahar Tunnel, the largest in India is located in the State of

(a) Jammu & Kashmir

(b) Maharashtra

(c) Karnataka

(d) Himachal Pradesh

Solution: (a)
Jawahar Tunnel or Banihal Tunnel, named after the first Prime Minister of India, was constructed for round-the-year surface transport by Mr. Alfred Kunz and C. Barsel (both were German) between 1954 and 1960. Situated between Banihal and Qazigund, This tunnel facilitates round-the-year road connectivity to Srinagar From Jammu.

During which decade did the population of India record a negative growth rate?

(a) 1921–31

(b) 1911–21

(c) 1941–51

(d) 1931–41

Solution: (b)
Negative Population growth rate or decline in population can refer to the decline in population of humans. It is a term usually used to describe any great reduction in a human population. It can be used to refer to long-term demographic trends, as in urban decay or rural flight, but it is also commonly employed to describe large reductions in population due to violence, disease, or other catastrophes. During the decade of 1911-1921, population decreased by 7 lakhs. Epidemics like plague, cholera, malaria and famines accounted for this decline. Plague epidemic in 1918 took a toll of 140 lakh human lives.

Which one of the following states of India records the highest sex ratio?

(a) Kerala

(b) Karnataka

(c) Maghalaya

(d) Tamilnadu

Solution: (a)
Kerala has the highest sex ratio; while Haryana has the lowest sex ratio among states and Daman & Diu has the lowest among all states and territories.

Which of the following states as per census, has the highest and lowest sex ratio respectively?

(a) Kerala and Haryana

(b) Himachal Pradesh and Punjab

(c) Meghalaya and Bihar

(d) Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh

Solution: (a)
Like the 1991 Census, the highest sex ratio (1058) had been reported in Kerala. Haryana reported the lowest sex ratio of 861 among the major states. According to 2011 census, Highest sex ratio–Kerala (1084) Lowest sex-ratio–Haryana (879).

According to the census data released in July 2011, the fall in child sex ratio in rural areas as compared to urban areas is

(a) five times

(b) four times

(c) three times

(d) two times

Solution: (b)
According to the report, though the urban child sex ratio is far worse than that in rural areas, the fall in child sex ratio in rural areas is around four times that in urban areas. However, the decline in the child sex ratio is more gradual in urban areas. There is a decline of 8.9 million children in rural areas while urban areas have shown increase of 3.9 million children. The data shows there is an increase in the overall sex ratio in the country from 933 in 2001 to 943 in 2011. However, the improvement in the overall sex ratio is largely in urban areas. In rural areas in the country there has been an increase by only 1 point from 946 in 2001 to 947 in 2011. In urban areas there has been an appreciable gain of 26 points from 900 in 2001 to 926 in 2011. In 10 states and Union Territories, the urban sex ratio is higher than the rural sex ratio in Census 2011.