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mcq on census 2011

The child Sex Ratio as per the provisional results of the 2011 Census in India is

(a) 927

(b) 924

(c) 917

(d) 914

Solution: (d)
As per the provisional results of the 2011 Census, the child sex ratio in India has dropped to 919 females against 1,000 males – the lowest since Independence, indicating a continuing preference for boys in society. Though an increasing trend in the child sex ratio (0-6 years) has been seen in Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Mizo ram and Andaman and Nicobar Islands, in all remaining 29 states and 7 Union Territories, the child sex ratio shows decline over Census 2001.

Which of the following is the correct description of the term ‘sex ratio’ as used in the context of the census?

(a) Number of females per 1000 persons

(b) Number of females in a sample of 1000 persons

(c) Number of males per 1000 females

(d) Number of females per 1000 males

Solution: (d)
Sex ratio is defined as the number of females per 1000 males. According to 2011 census, sex ratio in India is 943.

As per 2011 Census data, the overall sex ratio in the country is:

(a) 933

(b) 940

(c) 943

(d) 930

Solution: (b)
As per 2011 Census, the overall sex-ratio in India is 943. The child sex ratio is 919.

The main factor for the accelerated growth of the population in India is

(a) Low birth rate and low death rate

(b) A high birth rate and a falling death rate

(c) A rising birth rate and a rising death rate

(d) A high birth rate and a high death rate

Solution: (b)
Owing to improvement in health care and advancement of technology the death rate has been declined over the years.

Which of the following Indian States has the largest concentration of Scheduled Tribes population?

(a) Madhya Pradesh

(b) Assam

(c) Bihar

(d) Orissa

Solution: (a)
The proportion of the Scheduled Tribes to the total population of the States/Union Territories is highest in Mizoram (94.4%) and Lakshadweep (94.8%) followed by Nagaland (86.5%), Meghalaya (86.1%), Chhattisgarh (30.6%), Jharkhand (26.2%) and Odisha (22.8%). Population of ST : Madhya Pradesh (1,53,16,784); Assam (38,84,371), Bihar (13,36,573), Odisha (95,90,756) as per 2011 census.

Which state in India occupies the same ranking position in respect of area and population?

(a) Manipur

(b) Meghalaya

(c) Nagaland

(d) Gujarat

Solution: (b)
The position of Meghalaya is 22nd in terms of both area as well as population. The position of rest of the states in terms of area and population respectively are: Nagaland: 25, 24; Manipur: 23, 23 (excludes Mao-Maram, Paomata, and Purul subdivisions of Senapati district of Manipur); and Gujarat: 7, 10.