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## In India, as per their 2011 Census, the sex-ratio (females per 1000 males) is

(a) 930

(b) 934

(c) 927

(d) 943

Solution: (d)
As per the Census findings overall Sex ratio in India has declined over a period of time. It was 946 females per 1000 male in the year 1951 and declined to 927 in 1991 and 933 in 2001 census.
In the Census findings (2011), the overall sex ratio improved by 10 points to 943 females per 1000 males. Highest sex ratio as per census 2011 was recorded in the state of Kerala with 1084 females per 1000 males followed by Puducherry (1038) and lowest is in Haryana with 877.
UT It was lowest in the Daman and Diu with 618 females per 1000 males.
In India, as per their 2011 census, the sex-ratio (females per 1000 males) is 943.

## In which of the following states the first Synagogue is built in India?

(a) Maharashtra

(b) West Bengal

(d) Kerala

Solution: (d)
The oldest of India’s synagogue buildings can be found in the state of Kerala, where synagogue construction began during the medieval period. Whereas Kerala’s first Jewish houses of prayer said to be from the eleventh through the 13th centuries perished long ago as a consequence of natural disasters, enemy attacks, or the abandonment of buildings when congregations shifted, as did the earliest confirmed synagogue in Kochandagi authenticated to 1344 by a surviving building inscription now found in the courtyard of the Paradesi synagogue in Kochi’s Jew Town, those originating from the 16th and 17th centuries subsist. These extant synagogues, though altered over time, include not only the oldest found on the Indian subcontinent but in the British Commonwealth.

## In India, population density is defined as the number of persons

(a) per square mile

(b) per lakh square mile

(c) per lakh square kilometre

(d) per square kilometre

Solution: (d)
For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area usually per square kilometer or mile (which may include or exclude cultivated or potentially productive area). Commonly this may be calculated for a county, city, country, another territory, or the entire world. The world’s population is 7 billion, and Earth’s total area (including land and water) is 510 million square kilometers (197 million square miles. According to 2011 census population density of India is 382.

## One of the pairs not matched correctly is

(a) Dehradun – U.P.

(c) Drajeeling – West Bengal

(d) Panchmarhi – M.P.

Solution: (a)
Dehradun is the capital city of the state of Uttarakhand in the northern part of India. Located in the Garhwal region, it is 236 km north of India’s capital New Delhi and is one of the “Counter Magnets” of the National Capital Region (NCR) being developed as an alternative centre of growth to help ease the migration and population explosion in the Delhi metropolitan area. Dehradun is located in the Doon Valley on the foothills of the Himalayas nestled between two of India’s mightiest rivers – the Ganges on the east and the Yamuna on the west.

## What percentage of Indian population is below the official poverty line?

(a) Below 30%

(b) 30% to 35%

(c) Above 35% but below 40%

(d) Between 40% and 45%

Solution: (a)
The Planning Commission, in March 2012, released the latest poverty estimates for the country showing a decline in the incidence of poverty by 7.3 per cent over the past five years and stating that anyone with a daily consumption expenditure of Rs. 28.35 and Rs. 22.42 in urban and rural areas respectively is above the poverty line. The all-India Head Count Ratio (HCR) has declined by 7.3 percentage points from 37.2% in 2004-05 to 29.8% in 2009-10, with rural poverty declining by 8.0 percentage points from 41.8% to 33.8% and urban poverty declining by 4.8 percentage points from 25.7% to 20.9%.