In this blog we will be discussing about the one-word substitutions.
1) Ager = a field
2) Ago, actus = do
3) Alius = another
4) Amo = love
5) Annus = a year
6) Appello = call
8) Bene = well
9) Brevis = short
10) Candeo = shine
11) Caput, capitis = the head
12) Cedo, cessum = go, yield
13) Centum = a hundred
14) Cerno, cretus = distinguish
15) Clamo = shout
16) Cor, cordis = the heart
17) Corpus = the body
18) Culpa = a fault
19) Cura = care
20) Doceo, doctus = teach
21) Dominus = a lord
22) Duco, ductus = lead
23) Facio = make
24) Fido = trust
25) Finis = an end
26) Fortis = strong
27) Frango, fractus = break
28) Frons, frontis = forehead
29) Fugio = flee
30) Fundus = the bottom
1. Root word ‘mania’: The word mania means a very strong interest in something that fills a person’s mind or uses up all their time. Let us look at some of the words with mania:
A. Kleptomania: A recurrent urge to steal, typically without regard for need or profit.
B. Hypomania: A state of increased energy, exhilaration, and irritability commonly associated with bipolar disorder.
C. Theomania: A delusion that one has become God.
D. Graphomania: Extreme obsession with writing.
2. Root word ‘phobia’ (Meaning- fear): Let us look at some of the one-word substitutions from this. Some of the words with Phobia:
A. Acrophobia: extreme or irrational fear of heights
B. Claustrophobia: an irrational and intense fear of tight or crowded spaces
C. Hydrophobia: fear of water
D. Ophidiophobia: fear of snake
3. Root word ‘cracy’: denoting a particular form of government. Some of the words with cracy:
A. Democracy: a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
B. Monocracy: a system of government by one person only.
C. Autocracy: a system of government by one person with absolute power.
D. Plutocracy: government by the wealthy.
4. Root word ‘Cide’: Meaning kill/murder. Some of the words with ‘cide’ are:
A. Fratricide: the killing of one’s brother or sister.
B. Patricide: the killing of one’s father.
C. Infanticide: killing of a child/infant.
D. Regicide: the action of killing a king.
5. Root word ‘Logy’: denoting the study of something specific. Some of the words formed are:
A. Apology: An acknowledgment for a failure or mistake.
B. Biotechnology: The use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products.
C. Cardiology: Study of the heart.
D. Paleontology: the branch of science concerned with fossil animals and plants.
Likewise, there are hundreds and hundreds of root words forming one-word substitutions. Let us look at some of the words without any prefix or suffix as such:
|Sl. No||One-word substitution||Meaning of the one word|
|1.||Honorary||One who holds a post without any salary|
|2.||Gullible||One who is easily deceived|
|3.||Patriarchy:||A system of society or government in which men hold the power and women are largely excluded from it.|
|4.||Thermometer||An instrument to measure temperature|
|5.||Chauffeur||A person employed to drive a private or hired car|
|6.||Pedestrian||A person who travels on foot|
|7.||Abbatoir||A building where animals are killed for meat|
Let us now answer some of the previous year questions from one-word substitutions to have clarity on the level of difficulty:
Direction: Select the most appropriate word which means the same as the group of words given.
1. That cannot be approached easily
Explanation: Read the sentence and search for the hints that could match with the one-word. In this sentence, our hint is ‘approached’. We approach at something to use it or access it. So, the most suitable option is C i.e. inaccessible. Hence, option C is the correct answer.
Direction: (same as above):
2. Life history of a person written by the person himself.
Explanation: When a person’s life history is written by another person, it is called a biography. When the person writes his/her life history by himself, it is called as an autobiography. So, the correct answer is option C.
3. A person who dislikes humankind and avoids human society.
Explanation: Anthropology is the study of humankind. ‘Anthrope’ is related to interests in humankind. So, the one who dislikes humankind must be a misanthrope. Hence, option A is correct.
Direction: In the following question, a sentence is given in bold followed by five alternatives. Choose the option which best describes the one-word alternative for emboldened sentence.
“A representative of one country in another commonwealth country”
B. High commissioner
D. Charge de’affairs
E. None of these
• Ambassador is an accredited diplomat sent by a state as its permanent representative in a foreign country.
• Diplomat is an official representing a country abroad.
• Charge de affairs is the one who heads an embassy.
• High commissioner an embassy of one Commonwealth country in another.
Hence, option B is correct.
Some example of One Word Substitution for “Individual Character/ Person/ People”
A critical judge of any art and craft ==> Connoisseur
Persons living at the same time==> Contemporaries
One who is recovering health after illness==> Convalescent
A girl/woman who flirts with man==> Coquette
A person who regards the whole world as his country==> Cosmopolitan
One who is a centre of attraction==> Cynosure
One who sneers at the beliefs of others==> Cynic
A leader or orator who espoused the cause of the common people==> Demagogue
A person having a sophisticated charm==> Debonair
A leader who sways his followers by his oratory => Demagogue
One who shows sustained enthusiastic action with unflagging vitality==> Indefatigable
Someone who attacks cherished ideas or traditional institutions==> Iconoclast
One who does not express himself freely==> Introvert
Who behaves without moral principles==> Immoral
A person who is incapable of being tampered with==> Impregnable
One who is unable to pay his debts==> Insolvent
A person who is mentally ill==> Lunatic
A person who dislikes humankind and avoids human society==> Misanthrope
Some example of One Word Substitution List for “Collection/ Group”
A group of things that have been hidden in a secret place ==> Cache
A group of people, typically with vehicles or animals travelling together ==> Caravan
A closed political meeting ==> Caucus
An exclusive circle of people with a common purpose ==> Clique
A group of followers hired to applaud at a performance ==> Claque
A series of stars ==> Constellation
A funeral procession ==> Cortege
A group of worshippers ==> Congregation
A herd or flock of animals being driven in a body ==> Drove
A small fleet of ships or boats ==> Flotilla
A small growth of trees without underbrush ==> Grove
A community of people smaller than a village ==> Hamlet
A group of cattle or sheep or other domestic mammals ==> Herd
A large group of people ==> Horde
Some example of One Word Substitutes List for “Research/ Profession”
The scientific study of the physiology, structure, genetics, ecology, distribution, classification, and economic importance of plants ==> Botany
A person who draws or produces maps ==> Cartographer
A person who writes beautiful writing ==> Calligrapher
A person who composes the sequence of steps and moves for a performance of dance==> Choreographer
A person employed to drive a private or hired car ==> Chauffeur
A person who introduces the performers or contestants in a variety show ==> Compere
A keeper or custodian of a museum or other collection ==> Curator
The branch of biology concerned with cyclical physiological phenomena==> Chronobiology
A secret or disguised way of writing ==> Cypher
The study of statistics ==> Demography
The use of the fingers and hands to communicate and convey ideas==> Dactylology
A person who sells and arranges cut flowers ==> Florist
Some example of One Word Substitution for “Spot/ Venue”
A collection of historical documents or records providing information about a place, institution, or group of people ==> Archives
A large cage, building, or enclosure for keeping birds in ==> Aviary
A building where animals are butchered ==> Abattoir
A place where bees are kept; a collection of beehives ==> Apiary
A building containing tanks of live fish of different species ==> Aquarium
A place or scene of activity, debate, or conflict ==> Arena
A collection of weapons and military equipment ==> Arsenal
An institution for the care of people who are mentally ill ==> Asylum
A hole or tunnel dug by a small animal, especially a rabbit, as a dwelling ==> Burrow
A collection of items of the same type stored in a hidden or inaccessible place==> Cache
A public room or building where gambling games are played==> Casino
Some example of One Word Substitution PDF for “Government/ Systems”
A state of disorder due to absence or non-recognition of authority or other controlling systems==> Anarchy
A form of government in which power is held by the nobility ==> Aristocracy
A system of government by one person with absolute power ==> Autocracy
A self-governing country or region ==> Autonomy
A system of government in which most of the important decisions are taken by state officials rather than by elected representatives ==> Bureaucracy
A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives ==> Democracy
A state, society, or group governed by old people ==> Gerontocracy
A state or country run by the worst, least qualified, or most unscrupulous citizens==> Kakistocracy
Government by new or inexperienced hands==> Neocracy
Government by the populace ==> Ochlocracy
Some example of One Word Substitution for “Fear/ Phobia”
An extreme or irrational fear of heights ==> Acrophobia
An irrational fear of fresh air or drafts of air ==> Aerophobia
Fear of being egotistical, being alone or isolated ==> Autophobia
A phobia of pain ==> Algophobia
An abnormal fear of heights ==> Altophobia
An emotional disorder characterized by an obsessive desire to lose weight by refusing to eat==> Anorexia
An extreme or irrational fear of open or public places ==> Agoraphobia
An abnormal and persistent fear of depths ==> Bathophobia
Fear or hatred of books ==> Bibliophobia
Fear of ugliness and things that are ugly ==> Cacophobia
A dislike of being in the centre ==> Centrophobia
An extreme fear about beauty ==> Cellophobia
Some example of One Word Substitution for “Murder/ Death”
A solemn procession, especially for a funeral ==> Cortege
A poem of serious reflection, typically a lament for the dead ==> Elegy
A phrase or form of words written in memory of a person who has died ==> Epitaph
Killing of one’s son or daughter ==> Filicide
Destruction or abortion of a fetus ==> Foeticide
Killing of one’s brother or sister ==> Fratricide
Killing of a large group of people ==> Genocide
Killing of one person by another ==> Homicide
Killing of infants ==> Infanticide
Burial of a corpse in a grave or tomb ==> Interment
Killing of one’s mother ==> Matricide
Some example of One Word Substitution for “Sound”
The branch of physics concerned with the properties of sound ==> Acoustics
The sound of Alligators ==> Bellow
The sound of Deers ==> Bell
The sound of Crows ==> Caw
The sound of Geese ==> Cackle
The sound of Hens ==> Cluck
The sound of Dolphins ==> Click
The sound of Frogs ==> Croak
The sound of Crickets ==> Creak
The sound of Monkeys ==> Gibber
Some example of One Word Substitution Related to “Generic Terms”
An act of abdicating or renouncing the throne ==> Abdication
An annual calendar containing important dates and statistical information such as astronomical data and tide tables ==> Almanac
A cold-blooded vertebrate animal that is born in water and breathes with gills==> Amphibian
A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one ==> Allegory
A statement or proposition on which an abstractly defined structure is based==> Axiom
A nation or person engaged in war or conflict, as recognized by international law ==> Belligerent
An examination of tissue removed from a living body to discover the presence, cause, or extent of a disease==> Biopsy
The action or offence of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred things; profane talk ==> Blasphemy
The arrangement of events or dates in the order of their occurrence==> Chronology
A vigorous campaign for political, social, or religious change==> Crusade
Lasting for a very short time ==> Ephemeral